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According to the Church, the Apostleship of Edessa (Chaldea) is alleged to have been founded by Shimun Keepa (Saint Peter) (33–64), Thoma Shlikha, (Saint Thomas), Tulmay (St. Bartholomew the Apostle) and of course Mar Addai (St. Thaddeus) of the Seventy disciples. Saint Thaddeus was martyred c.66 AD.

 

Saint Thomas the Apostle

Early bishops 

1. Mar Thoma Shliha (c.34-50)

Bishops of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

Around 280, visiting bishops consecrated Papa bar Aggai as Bishop of Seleucia-Ctesiphon, thereby establishing the succession.With him, heads of the church took the title Catholicos.

Metropolitans of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

Isaac was recognised as 'Grand Metropolitan' and Primate of the Church of the East at the Synod of Seleucia-Ctesiphon in 410. The acts of this Synod were later edited by the Patriarch Joseph (552–567) to grant him the title of Catholicos as well. This title for Patriarch Isaac in fact only came into use towards the end of the fifth century.

Catholicoi of Seleucia-Ctesiphon

With Dadisho, the significant disagreement on the dates of the Catholicoi in the sources start to converge. In 424, under Mar Dadisho I, the Church of the East declared itself independent of all the Church of the West (Emperor Justinian's Pentarchy); thereafter, its Catholicoi began to use the additional title of Patriarch. During his reign, the Council of Ephesus in 431 denounced Nestorianism.

In 544 the Synod of Mar Aba I adopted the ordinances of the Council of Chalcedon.

From 628, the Maphrian also began to use the title Catholicos. See the List of Maphrians for details.

In 775, the seat transferred from Seleucia-Ctesiphon to Baghdad, the recently established capital of the ʿAbbasid caliphs.

  • 47. Timothy I (780–823)

  • 48. Ishoʿ Bar Nun (823–828)

  • 49. Giwargis II (828–831)

  • 50. Sabrishoʿ II (831–835)

  • 51. Abraham II (837–850)

    • vacant (850–853)

  • 52. Theodosius (853–858)

    • vacant (858–860)

  • 53. Sargis (860–872)

    • vacant (872–877)

  • 54. Israel of Kashkar intrusus (877)

  • 55. Enosh (877–884)

  • 56. Yohannan II bar Narsai (884–891)

  • 57. Yohannan III (893–899)

  • 58. Yohannan IV Bar Abgar (900–905)

  • 59. Abraham III (906–937)

  • 60. Emmanuel I (937–960)

  • 61. Israel (961)

  • 62. ʿAbdishoʿ I (963–986)

  • 63. Mari (987–999)

  • 64. Yohannan V (1000–1011)

  • 65. Yohannan VI bar Nazuk (1012–1016)

    • vacant (1016–1020)

  • 66. Ishoʿyahb IV bar Ezekiel (1020–1025)

    • vacant (1025–1028)

  • 67. Eliya I (1028–1049)

  • 68. Yohannan VII bar Targal (1049–1057)

    • vacant (1057–1064)

  • 69. Sabrishoʿ III (1064–1072)

  • 70. ʿAbdishoʿ II ibn al-ʿArid (1074–1090)

  • 71. Makkikha I (1092–1110)

  • 72. Eliya II Bar Moqli (1111–1132)

  • 73. Bar Sawma (1134–1136)

    • vacant (1136–1139)

  • 74. ʿAbdishoʿ III Bar Moqli (1139–1148)

  • 75. Ishoʿyahb V (1149–1176)

  • 76. Eliya III (1176–1190)

  • 77. Yahballaha II (1190–1222)

  • 78. Sabrishoʿ IV Bar Qayyoma (1222–1224)

  • 79. Sabrishoʿ V ibn al-Masihi (1226–1256)

  • 80. Makkikha II (1257–1265)

  • 81. Denha I (1265–1281)

  • 82. Yahballaha III (1281–1317) The Patriarchal Seat transferred to Maragha

  • 83. Timothy II (1318–c. 1332)

    • vacant (c. 1332–c. 1336)

  • 84. Denha II (1336/7–1381/2)

  • 85. Shemʿon II (c. 1385 – c. 1405) (dates uncertain)

  • 86. Eliya IV (c. 1405 – c. 1425) (dates uncertain)

  • 87 Shemʿon III (c. 1425 – c. 1450) (existence uncertain)

  • 88. Shemʿon IV Basidi (c.1450 – 1497)

  • 89. Shemʿon V (1497–1501)

  • 90. Eliya V (1502–1503)

  • 91. Shemʿon VI (1504–1538)

  • 92. Shemʿon VII Ishoʿyahb (1539–1558)

  • 1. Eliya line
    Based in Alqosh.

  • 93. Eliya VI[16] (VII)[17] (1558–1591)

  • 94. Eliya VII[18] (VIII)[17] (1591–1617)

  • 95. Eliya VIII[19] (IX)[17] Shemʿon (1617–1660)

  • 96. Eliya IX[20] (X)[17] Yohannan Marogin (1660–1700)

  • 97. Eliya X[20] (XI)[17] Marogin (1700–1722)

  • 98. Eliya XI[21] (XII)[17] Denha (1722–1778)

  • 99. Eliya XII[22] (XIII)[17] Ishoʿyahb (1778–1804)

  • In 1780, a group split from the Eliya line and elected:

  • 100. Yohannan VIII Hormizd (1780–1838)

  • In 1830, following the death of the Amid patriarchal administrator Augustine Hindi, he was recognised by the Vatican as patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans and the Mosul and Amid patriarchates were united under his leadership. This event marked the birth of the since unbroken patriarchal line of the Chaldean Catholic Church.

  • 2. Shemʿon line
    Based in Amid, Siirt, Urmia and Salmas;

  • 93. Shemʿon VIII Sulaqa (1553–1555)

  • 94. Abdisho IV Maron (1555–1570)

  • 95. Shemʿon Yahballaha IV (1570–1580)

  • 96. Shemʿon IX Dinkha (1580–1600)

  • Shemʿon line reintroduced hereditary succession in 1600; moved to Qochanis

  • 97. Shemʿon X Eliyah (1600–1638)

  • 98. Shemʿon XI Eshuyow (1638–1656)

  • 99. Shemʿon XII Yoalaha (1656–1662)

  • Shemʿon line in Qochanis formally broke communion with Rome:

  • 100. Shemʿon XIII Dinkha (1662–1700)

  • 101. Shemʿon XIV Shlemon (1700–1740)

  • 102. Shemʿon XV Mikhaʿil Mukhtas (1740–1780)

  • 103. Shemʿon XVI Yohannan (1780–1820)

  • 104. Shemʿon XVII Abraham (1820–1861)

  • 3. Josephite line
    Based in Amid, split from the Eliya line;

  • 97. Joseph I (1681–1696)

  • 98. Joseph II Sliba Maruf (1696–1713)

  • 99. Joseph III Timothy Maroge (1713–1757)

  • 100. Joseph IV Lazare Hindi (1757–1780)

  • Joseph V Augustine Hindi (1780–1827)